Here are today’s solar images taken from Al Sadeem Observatory, April 20, 2021.

The sky was mostly clear with intermittent light to moderate breeze which provided good transparency but average seeing at the time these images were taken. 

Solar activity has reached moderate levels brought by increasing flaring activity and sunspot numbers over the past 24 hours.

AR2816 (Dai/beta) exhibited further growth on its sunspot structure and produced a moderately strong M1.1-class solar flare associated with a non-Earth directed coronal mass ejection (CME) recorded by space weather agencies yesterday, April 19, 2021, at 23:42UTC.

Several more weak B-class solar flares were recorded from AR2817 (Dai/beta) as it also further evolved in structure and improved magnetic complexity over the past 24 hours. The recently designated unipolar sunspot group AR2818 (Hsx/alpha) at the SE quadrant is currently inactive. The latest sunspot number (based on visual count and Wolf number calculation) is 47.

Other noteworthy solar features observed were the enhanced plages associated with the upper mentioned sunspot groups, some scattered mound filaments at the extreme northern and southeastern-most sections of the Sun’s disk, and a few small quiescent and moderately huge eruptive prominences mainly at the NE and SE limbs, as distinctively captured in H-alpha imagery.

Space weather agencies* forecast solar activity to be at low to moderate levels with chances of solar flares of B-class to C-class (possibly up to M-class) intensity, mainly from the upper-mentioned active sunspot regions. Close monitoring is being conducted by numerous space weather agencies for any significant development.

Equipment used are Skywatcher 120mm refractor telescope with Baader filter and unmodified Canon EOS 1D Mark IV DSLR camera for visible imagery. For H-alpha imagery, the equipment used are Lunt 60mm H-alpha solar telescope, and QHYCCD 290III mono camera; all mounted on Skywatcher EQ6 pro mount Pre-processing of visible solar images was performed in PIPP, stacking in Autostakkert, slight wavelet adjustments in Registax 6, and post-processing in Adobe Photoshop CC.


Weather Data (5:00 PM – 5:30 PM, April 20, 2021, from NCM Al Wathba Station):

Average Temperature: 33.57°C

Average Humidity: 16.67%

Average Wind Speed and Direction: 19.33 kph from NNW

Average Cloud Cover: 0%

Average Air Pressure: 998.47 hPa

Average Solar Radiation: 244.0 W/m^2